Real Piles Pictures In Females

When the blood clot passes or the body reabsorbs it, an external hemorrhoid may sometimes leave behind a perianal skin tag . A doctor may recommend surgical removal if this skin tag regularly catches stool and is difficult to keep clean.

What the Different Types of Hemorrhoids Look Like

Hemorrhoids can occur on the inside or outside of the rectum. They may also protrude from the rectum and retract when the swelling goes down. Treatment can depend on the severity.

Hemorrhoids, also called piles, happen when clusters of veins in your rectum or anus get swollen (or dilated). When these veins swell, blood pools inside and causes the veins to expand outward into the membranes around your rectal and anal tissue.

This can become uncomfortable or painful.

There are four types of hemorrhoids:

Most hemorrhoids aren’t a serious medical condition. In fact, you may not even notice them. Less than 5 percent of people who get hemorrhoids have symptoms, and even fewer need treatment.

Hemorrhoids are common. About 1 in 20 Americans are affected by them, according to the National Institutes of Health.

Still, you should see a healthcare professional right away if your hemorrhoids are causing you pain or disrupting your normal activities and bowel movements.

You should also talk with your doctor if they haven’t gone away after a week of treatment at home, or if you’re experiencing bleeding from your rectum.

Hemorrhoids aren’t always visible. But when they expand, they can look like red or blue bumps or lumps.

Here are descriptions of the appearance of the four main types of hemorrhoids:

  • Internal. These can’t always be seen because they’re too deep in your anus to be visible. They are protrusions of the wall of your anal canal or rectum. Less-serious internal hemorrhoids are bumps inside, and more serious ones can form a long protrusion.
  • Prolapsed. When an internal hemorrhoid swells and elongates to the point where it protrudes out of your anus. Less serious prolapsed hemorrhoids come out of the anus during straining but spontaneously retract when you relax, whereas more serious prolapsed hemorrhoids remain protruding from the anus.
  • External. Appear as one or more bumps on and around the anus. You or a doctor can see these from the outside.
  • Thrombosed. These are external or internal hemorrhoids in which the blood that’s pooled inside has clotted, which can be painful in external hemorrhoids.

You might have just one hemorrhoid or more than one at a time.

Pictures of the different types of hemorrhoids

Share on Pinterest Internal hemorrhoids are found in the rectum. They’re usually not serious and tend to go away on their own. BruceBlaus/Wikimedia

Share on Pinterest Prolapsed hemorrhoids occur when an internal hemorrhoid swells and sticks out of the anus. External hemorrhoids occur on the outside of the body, on or around the anus. WikipedianProlific/Wikimedia

Share on Pinterest Thrombosed hemorrhoids are those that contain a blood clot within the hemorrhoid tissue. BruceBlaus/Wikimedia

Internal hemorrhoids are found inside your rectum. They’re normally not serious and tend to go away on their own.

Sometimes, internal hemorrhoids can swell and stick out of your anus. This is known as a prolapsed hemorrhoid.

There aren’t any nerves that detect pain in your rectum, so you may not always notice internal hemorrhoids. But they can cause symptoms if they grow larger, including:

  • pain or discomfort
  • itching
  • burning
  • noticeable lumps or swelling near your anus

Feces traveling through your rectum can also irritate an internal hemorrhoid. This can cause bleeding that you may notice on your toilet tissue.

See your doctor if an internal hemorrhoid causes you a lot of pain or discomfort, or if you experience bleeding from your rectum. Find out more about treatments below.

If you’re having a lot of pain during bowel movements, this may be due to an abscess or fissure in the anus or rectum rather than a hemorrhoid.

A prolapsed hemorrhoid occurs when internal hemorrhoids swell and stick out of your anus. A doctor may assign a grade to a prolapsed hemorrhoid based on how far it protrudes:

  • Grade I: Not prolapsed at all.
  • Grade II: Prolapsed, but will retract by themselves. These may only prolapse when you put pressure on your anal or rectal area, like by straining when you have a bowel movement, and then return to their normal position afterward.
  • Grade III: Prolapsed, and you have to push it back in yourself. These may need to be treated so that they don’t become too painful or infected.
  • Grade IV: Prolapsed, and you can’t push it back in without a lot of pain. These will usually need to be treated to prevent pain, discomfort, or further complications.

Prolapsed hemorrhoids look like swollen red lumps or bumps coming out of your anus. You may be able to see them if you use a mirror to examine this area. Prolapsed hemorrhoids may have no other symptom than the protrusion, or they may cause pain or discomfort, itchiness, or burning.

In some cases, you may need surgical treatment to remove or correct a prolapsed hemorrhoid so that they don’t cause you any pain or complications.

External hemorrhoids occur on or around your anus. They’re not always visible but sometimes form lumps on the anal surface.

External hemorrhoids aren’t usually a serious medical issue. But see a healthcare professional if they cause pain or discomfort that affects your daily life.

The symptoms of external hemorrhoids are essentially the same as those of internal ones. But since they’re located on the outside of your rectal area, you may feel more pain or discomfort when you sit down, do physical activities, or have a bowel movement.

They’re also easier to see when they swell, and the bluish color of the dilated veins is visible beneath the anal skin surface.

See your doctor if an external hemorrhoid causes you pain or discomfort.

A thrombosed hemorrhoid contains a blood clot (thrombosis) within the hemorrhoid tissue. They may appear as lumps or swelling around your anus.

Thrombosed hemorrhoids are essentially a complication of a hemorrhoid, in which a blood clot forms.

Blood clots can happen in both internal and external hemorrhoids, and the symptoms may include:

  • intense pain and itchiness
  • swelling and redness
  • bluish color around area of hemorrhoid

See your doctor as soon as possible if you notice increasing pain, itchiness, or inflammation around your rectal and anal area. Thrombosed hemorrhoids need to be treated quickly to prevent complications from a lack of blood supply to your anal or rectal tissue.

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Anything that puts pressure or strain on your anus or rectum can cause the veins to dilate. Some common causes and risk factors include:

  • having excess weight
  • frequently straining during bowel movements
  • having diarrhea or constipation
  • not having regular bowel movements
  • sitting for a long time
  • being pregnant or giving birth
  • not getting enough fiber in your diet
  • using too many laxatives
  • getting older, as tissues lose strength and elasticity as you age

Internal hemorrhoids can become prolapsed hemorrhoids if you continue to do any of the things that may have caused your hemorrhoid in the first place.

External hemorrhoids are more likely to become thrombosed, although no specific risk factor is known to cause this.

See a healthcare professional if you start to notice pain and discomfort around your anus, especially when you sit or have a bowel movement.

Seek emergency medical attention if your symptoms worsen suddenly, especially if they’re interfering with your daily activities. Here are symptoms to watch out for:

  • feeling extremely itchy around your anus
  • burning around your anus
  • noticeable lumps or swelling near your anus
  • bluish discoloration of your skin near areas of swelling

Your doctor may perform one or more tests to examine the anal or rectal area for hemorrhoids:

  • Looking at the anus or rectum. A doctor will likely be able to diagnose an external or prolapsed internal hemorrhoid through a visual examination.
  • Doing a digital rectal exam. The doctor will insert a finger covered with a lubricated glove into the anus or rectum to feel for signs of hemorrhoids with the fingers.
  • Using an imaging scope. This will help them look at the inside of your rectum to examine for internal hemorrhoids. They’ll usually insert a thin tube with the light on the end into your rectum. Tools used for this diagnosis may include an anoscope or sigmoidoscope.

Hemorrhoids have the same or similar symptoms to some other conditions. For that reason, see a healthcare professional if your symptoms continue for longer than a week.

Some conditions also cause rectal bleeding like hemorrhoids sometimes do. These include:

  • colorectal cancer
  • ulcers
  • gastrointestinal infections
  • inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), like ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease

But blood from your digestive tract often appears black in your stool unless the bleeding occurs near your rectum and anus. If you’re seeing bright red blood on the toilet paper after you wipe, it’s most likely due to a hemorrhoid or anal fissure.

Anal fissures and anorectal abscesses are the most likely cause of sharp pain while you have a bowel movement, but you might mistake them for a hemorrhoid.

Anal warts are a type of genital wart and can look and feel like a bump on the anus. It’s possible for them to itch and bleed, just like external hemorrhoids.

Because many conditions can be mistaken for hemorrhoids, it’s important to see a healthcare professional for a diagnosis.

Treatment for hemorrhoids depends on the type, degree of prolapse, and severity of your symptoms.

Here are some home remedies to try if your symptoms aren’t too severe:

  • Use an over-the-counter hemorrhoid remedy. Hemorrhoid creams or witch hazel solution may help relieve swelling and pain.
  • Take pain medications. These include ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), to reduce pain.
  • Use a cold compress. An ice pack wrapped in a thin towel can help relive pain and swelling when you apply it to the area.
  • Sit in warm water. Do this for about 10 to 15 minutes. You can either fill a bathtub with warm water or use a sitz bath. Some people also use Epsom salts.

In some cases, your hemorrhoids may need to be removed to prevent pain and long-term complications. Some procedures for removal include:

  • rubber band ligation
  • sclerotherapy
  • infrared coagulation
  • hemorrhoidectomy
  • hemorrhoidopexy

Complications of hemorrhoids are rare. If they do happen, they may include:

  • Strangulation. Arteries feeding fresh blood to the hemorrhoid can become blocked, preventing blood supply from reaching the hemorrhoid. This can cause extremely intense and unbearable pain.
  • Anemia. If hemorrhoids bleed too much, this can cause fatigue, shortness of breath, headaches, and dizziness due to loss of blood.
  • Prolapse. Prolapsed hemorrhoids can cause pain or discomfort when you sit or pass a bowel movement.
  • Blood clots. Thrombosis is more likely to be a complication of an external hemorrhoid. Blood clots can cause pain and itching that can become severe.
  • Infection. Bacteria can get into hemorrhoids that are bleeding and infect the tissue. Untreated infections can sometimes cause serious complications, like tissue death, abscesses, and fever.

Hemorrhoids can be uncomfortable or even painful, but most of the time, you won’t experience any noticeable symptoms, and complications are very rare.

Internal or external hemorrhoids that don’t prolapse or thrombose are more likely to heal without causing any symptoms or complications. Prolapsed and thrombosed hemorrhoids are much more likely to cause discomfort or increase your risk of complications.

Seek emergency medical attention if your hemorrhoids cause pain and discomfort or if you notice any symptoms like bleeding or prolapse. Hemorrhoids that are treated quickly have a better chance of healing without causing any further complications.

Last medically reviewed on November 29, 2021

What external hemorrhoids look like and how to get rid of them

External hemorrhoids feel and look like small lumps just outside the anus. They can cause bleeding and itching. Home remedies include warm baths, cool compresses, and topical applications, such as witch hazel.

Hemorrhoids, also called piles, often result from straining while having a bowel movement. A person may push too hard, sit on the toilet for too long, or have a stool that is hard and difficult to pass.

Most external hemorrhoids will not cause additional issues, but they can become more painful if they develop a clot, known as a thrombus. If a person is in severe pain, a doctor may recommend the surgical removal of hemorrhoids.

In this article, we detail what external hemorrhoids are, the common causes, and how a person can get rid of them.

Share on Pinterest Jose A. Bernat Bacete/Getty Images

External hemorrhoids usually do not require a specific treatment unless they develop a clot and become painful. Most will go away on their own within a few days. Those that persist may cause discomfort, itching, and some pain. Home remedies can be effective in easing these symptoms.

People can try various home remedies to treat hemorrhoids, such as:

  • taking warm baths
  • cleaning the anus gently after a bowel movement, often by using moistened wipes or cotton pads
  • applying cloth-covered ice packs to reduce swelling
  • taking over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen, to relieve pain and discomfort
  • applying ointments, such as creams with witch hazel or hydrocortisone, that relieve itching

Doctors can sometimes treat external hemorrhoids that develop a clot through surgery.

Surgical removal

There are two types of surgery for external hemorrhoids.

The first involves making a small cut in a thrombosed external hemorrhoid and draining blood from the clot. A doctor can perform this surgery under local anesthesia. This procedure does not remove the hemorrhoid itself. However, if a doctor can perform this procedure within 48 hours of a hemorrhoid developing, it can provide more rapid pain relief than other treatments.

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After this time, surgery is not typically helpful, and the symptoms will eventually improve on their own.

The second form of surgery is a hemorrhoidectomy . This procedure fully removes the hemorrhoid and requires general anesthesia.

Treatments during pregnancy

Many of the home remedies above are suitable to use during pregnancy to treat external hemorrhoids and ease pain. However, a pregnant person must always check with a doctor before using any topical application on external hemorrhoids to ensure that it will not interfere with the pregnancy.

External hemorrhoids protrude below the anus, and a person may be able to feel them. On the other hand, internal hemorrhoids are not visible from the outside. A digital rectal exam may be necessary to assess internal hemorrhoids.

External hemorrhoids are often itchy and irritating, and they can also cause pain and discomfort. However, not everyone experiences symptoms. In fact, in an older study from 2021, more than half of those with hemorrhoids reported no symptoms.

People with external hemorrhoids can often feel a tender lump if they touch the area around the anus.

Blood in the stool

People with external hemorrhoids may also notice some blood when they pass stool, which is typically on the stool’s outer surface. The blood tends to be bright red because it usually comes directly out of the hemorrhoid rather than anywhere else in the gastrointestinal tract.

Blood from hemorrhoids should be minimal. Anyone with external hemorrhoids who notices a significant amount of blood should contact a doctor.

Blood clots in the hemorrhoid

External hemorrhoids can be very painful if they become thrombosed. Thrombosed hemorrhoids usually appear purple-blue on light skin and grey, black, or dark brown on dark skin.

A thrombosed hemorrhoid occurs when the veins that cause the bulge in the hemorrhoid develop a blood clot. As a result, blood cannot flow to the hemorrhoid, and the effect can be excruciating.

The body will often absorb the blood clot in time, reducing the symptoms and easing the pain.

When the blood clot passes or the body reabsorbs it, an external hemorrhoid may sometimes leave behind a perianal skin tag . A doctor may recommend surgical removal if this skin tag regularly catches stool and is difficult to keep clean.

In addition to straining, other possible causes of hemorrhoids include:

  • lifting heavy objects or weights
  • a low fiber diet
  • obesity
  • standing or sitting for extended periods
  • pregnancy
  • ascites, which is a buildup of fluid that places extra pressure on the stomach and intestines

Hemorrhoids are one of the most common medical conditions, and the likelihood of developing them increases with age. The reason for this is that the tissues lining the anus and sphincter become thinner and less able to withstand pressure from pushing and straining.

External hemorrhoids are different than other hemorrhoid types, mostly due to their location. Internal hemorrhoids, for example, are inside the rectum. They are usually painless but may bleed.

Prolapsed hemorrhoids are internal hemorrhoids that sometimes bulge outside of the anus. It is possible to push these hemorrhoids back inside, but they may go back in without intervention.

External hemorrhoids protrude from the anus. They tend to cause more pain than internal hemorrhoids because the outside of the anus is more sensitive than the inside.

People may have multiple hemorrhoid types at the same time.

A doctor can diagnose external hemorrhoids by assessing the person’s symptoms and conducting a physical exam.

Anyone who suspects that they have external hemorrhoids should see a doctor. Some of the symptoms, such as bleeding, can be due to other more severe conditions, including:

  • anal cancer
  • anal fissure
  • colorectal cancer
  • inflammatory bowel disease
  • perianal abscess
  • skin tag

The primary way to prevent external hemorrhoids from developing is to avoid constipation and the development of hard, dry stools that are difficult to pass.

Tips to prevent external hemorrhoids include:

  • increasing the amount of dietary fiber in the diet to 25–30 grams by eating plenty of fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grain bread, and cereals
  • drinking enough water each day so that every time a person urinates, the urine is pale yellow
  • engaging in regular physical activity, which promotes the natural movement of the bowels
  • using the bathroom when necessary and not delaying for an unnecessary amount of time
  • spending the shortest possible time sitting on the toilet

People who have recurring problems with constipation and hemorrhoids should talk with a doctor about the treatment options.

Below, we provide answers to some of the questions people often ask about external hemorrhoids.

Are external hemorrhoids painful?

External hemorrhoids can be painful. They are usually most painful immediately following a bowel movement or after straining or lifting.

They may be especially painful if they develop a blood clot, which is known as a thrombosed hemorrhoid. If medical professionals can lance and drain the clot within 2 days of development, the pain will ease immediately. If not, the clot will likely dissolve on its own, and the pain will ease in time.

Are external hemorrhoids dangerous?

External hemorrhoids are rarely dangerous. They can develop a blood clot that may burst, but although this will cause several minutes of bleeding , it will usually end independently. If it does not, a person should seek emergency medical treatment.

Anyone who experiences regular rectal bleeding should avoid assuming that it is from a hemorrhoid. Rectal bleeding can signify other issues, including colorectal cancer or anal cancer. A person should discuss regular rectal bleeding and any other symptoms with a doctor.

Do external hemorrhoids go away on their own?

Yes, most external hemorrhoids will go away on their own within weeks , even without treatment. However, external hemorrhoids can recur, which means that a person may deal with them regularly if they do not take steps to prevent them.

Can you push an external hemorrhoid back in?

No, external hemorrhoids develop outside the anus, so a person cannot push them back in.

External hemorrhoids will usually go away on their own.

Taking steps to reduce the incidence of constipation and avoiding straining with bowel movements can help a person reduce the likelihood of developing any types of hemorrhoids.

Anyone who experiences extremely painful external hemorrhoids should consult a doctor about the treatment options.

Last medically reviewed on January 21, 2022

How we reviewed this article:

Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and draws only from peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical journals and associations. We avoid using tertiary references. We link primary sources — including studies, scientific references, and statistics — within each article and also list them in the resources section at the bottom of our articles. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.

  • Bleeding from the bottom (rectal bleeding). (2020).
  • Chang, J., et al. (2016). Anal health care basics.
  • Cristea, C., et al. (2021). Hemorrhoidectomy.
  • Hemorrhoids. (n.d.).
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  • Lohsiriwat, V. (2015). Treatment of hemorrhoids: A coloproctologist’s view.
  • Mott T., et al. (2018). Hemorrhoids: Diagnosis and treatment options.
  • Riss, S., et al. (2012). The prevalence of hemorrhoids in adults [Abstract].

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Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD

Alex Koliada, PhD, is a well-known doctor. He is famous for his studies of ageing, genetics and other medical conditions. He works at the Institute of Food Biotechnology and Genomics NAS of Ukraine. His scientific researches are printed by the most reputable international magazines. Some of his works are: Differences in the gut Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio across age groups in healthy Ukrainian population []; Mating status affects Drosophila lifespan, metabolism and antioxidant system [Science Direct]; Anise Hyssop Agastache foeniculum Increases Lifespan, Stress Resistance, and Metabolism by Affecting Free Radical Processes in Drosophila [Frontiersin].
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